arms appear in Kings' work atributed
to Litlar (Littler - Ar,
a chev. sa. betw.
sejant gu.) but I have yet to find a blood
Despite having Arms recorded
in The Vale
England, Goostrey appears to have avoided or ignored the Herald’s
Visitations of 1663/4 completely. At the visitation of Cheshire, a pedigree of six generations was recorded
Arms. It is headed by Philip Kinsey father of Edward Kinsey of
Blackden, co: Cheshire. It descends to the children of John Kinsey,
who was aged
52 in 1663, and of Anne his wife, daughter of George Birch of Birch,
The Arms of Kinsey are given as Argent a Chevron between three
erect Gules. No mention is made here of Goostrey or variants.
Strangely, of the
520 Cheshire gentlemen recorded by King in his book, the
associated with these arms are that of Goostrey and Blackenden
An authoritative source for early heraldic usage is the Dictionary of
Arms: Medieval Ordinary (Woodcock, Grant and Graham 1996). There is no
of Goostrey or variants in this works but the following entry can be
Arms Argent a Chevron between three
is ascribed to Kinsey by Creswick’s Roll
Burke’s General Armoury
(1884) ascribes the following to Goosetrey or Goosetree of co: Bucks:
Argent a Chevron between three Squirrels sejant Gules. The Crest being
Wreath of the Colours A Stags head erased Or.
It ascribes the Arms of
co: Chester)as being: Quarterly, Argent and Gules a cross
counterchanged in the first quarter a mullet of the second. Later Arms
their marriage with the GOOSETREYS) - Argent a Chevron between
Squirrels sejant Gules.
The Arms of Kinsey are
as: Kinsey (Blackden Hall co: Chester; allowed at Visit co. Chester) Argent a Chevron between three Squirrels
And Burke’s records the Arms
Twemlow co: Chester : Ancient Arms - Argent a Chevron Or between
three Squirrels sejant Gules, Modern Arms: Az. two
or, charged with three boars heads, two and one, erect couped sa. Crest
the stump of a tree erect a parrot all ppr.
Fairburn’s Book of Crests
the crest of Goostrey of Buckinghamshire is On a Wreath of the Colours
A Stags head erased Or.
Authority Verses Use
It is widely accepted that Burke’s and Fairburn’s have no authority
and are useful largely as a guide to usage rather than right. It must
accepted that the work of Daniel King The Vale Royal of England
likewise more a record of contemporary usage than of right. I must
therefore that although there is no authority, for a long period
a family bearing the name of Goostrey has used Arms. Let us therefore
some of the genealogy to try to establish if such an armigerous family
before the records of the College of Arms and, if it did, how the Arms in question come
recorded as being used by so many different families.
From the genealogist and
Ormorod (8), we
learn that Goostrey was known as Gostrel
Doomsday Book, probably comprising the two manors of Bernulfshawe
and Gostre, property of the founder of the
Barony of Monalt – Hugo de Mara also known
as Hugh Fitznorman. He gave his share of “Gostrey”
along with Lawton to the Abbey of St Werburgh.
Ormorod’s translation of the Doomsday entry records: “The families
of Croxton, Twemlowe,
Bernulschaw, and Aston passed
the manor and
lands of Barnshaw and Goostrey to the
Abbey of St Werburgh”. Particulars of the
grants are in the
charter of the Abbey (9).
A charter was granted to the
Michel de Gostre by which the abbey was
empowered to embank a lake
for the use of the mill, and also to serve them as a vivary
or fish pond. [There is no date for this, but it is linked to another
given a date of 1249-65].
Ormorod suggests that a
existed at an early period in Goostrey and that Goostry
gave name to a family, originally most probably seized of the manor.
following brief and interesting pedigree (10) shows the descent of their
estate here from about the reign Edward III [1327-1377] to the
Henry VII [1485-1509] and connects them with the Kinsey of Blackden of
little is known.
Michel de Gostre
grandfather of Thomas de Gostre to
is appended a curious note. He married a daughter of … Hamond of Bancroft ‘against his fader’s will
and his own worshippe, and through evil councell he did such things for quiche he was
done to death
for yt was shame and greefe
to his fader and his frendes’ (10)
1. Michel de Gostre
[third son of Lidulph de Twemlow to whom his father gave the half of
1.1 His son Thomas married Alianore,
They had three children: (11)
1.1.1. Thomas, married Hamond of Bancroft
Richard II [1377-1399]), had four daughters [not named]
William, married Alice daughter of Richard Hadley.
Roger [for whom no marriage or descendants are shown]
William had 3 children:
18.104.22.168 Thomlyn (Thomas), married the
first name given] of Jenken Rowley and had
daughter, Anne (Agnes) who married William Vernon and had issue which
died s.p. (which William was living 7 Hen.
5 a widower) .William
“held Goostrey in right of his wife”.
22.214.171.124 Wilkin or William, married [not given], had land in Blackden.
Jenken (John), who had land in
126.96.36.199 Wilkin had two
188.8.131.52.1Agnes, wife of Robert Kinsey (from whom Kinsey of Blackden),
who had a
Robertson Kinsey, coheir with his aunt to the Gostre
184.108.40.206.2Alice, coheir to Anne Vernon, who married firstly Thomas de
(from whom Eaton of Blackden) and secondly Jack de Snelsone
in or about 1498.
A survey of Goostrey Church taken in 1569 (12) notices the arms of Kinsey,
and a tablet “Anne, wife of John Kinsey of Blackden died 18 Feb 1665”.
Ormorod then goes on:
There is also reference to the family of Barnshaw
– Roger de Berneshagh, a commissioner. The
rarity of this name may in some measure be accounted for by supposing
family borne the alias of Gostre, or of Grene. The Grenes
ancestors of the Grenes of Congleton.
There is information under
the township of Croxton. There is a reference to Lidulph de Croxton,
or Tremlowe, who one genealogist had made
the son of Wulfric, but Ormorod thinks it
more likely he was the
grandson. He also goes by the names of Walthew,
Orme, and William.
Ormorod goes on:
If however it can be proved
de Croxton and Tremlowe
successive proprietors, and not one generation as the genealogists have
uniformly made them, Wulfric, the
grandfather of the
first, will be thrown back to the Conquest or to the time of the
there will then be no difficulty in point of time in crediting the
interpolation before mentioned which, after calling the second
generation Walthew, makes Wulfric
grandfather of “Margeria filia Walthei, filia Wulfrici”,
which Margeria undoubtedly brought Marton
in marriage to the grandson of the Norman Baron of Kinderton.
This last Lidulp,
sheriff of Cheshire in the reigns of Richard I [1189- 99] and John
[1199-1216], the surviving temp. Henry III [1216-1272] lord of Tremlowe, Croxton,
Goostrey, Cranage and half of Winnington,
had a second brother, Randle, to whom he gave the fourth of Cranage,
and from whom the families of Granage, Ermitage, Tremlowe
and Le Brun descended.
Lidulph had issue Richard, Robert and Michael. From the last two sons
descended severally the families of Winnington
Richard settled his lands in Gorestree on
Richard de Croxton,
and heir of Lidulph, had a grant from his father of all his lands in Cheshire, except a moiety of his land in Gorestree
settled on his son Michael.
There is a family tree (14): The Croxton and
Mainwaring of Croxton,
with Arms of Croxton – sable, a lion
Argent, debruised by a bend compare Or and
tree reads as follows:
Wulfric, lord of Croxton
under Ornus de Tuchett,
living in the
time of Edward the Confessor and
Two sons are shown:
1. William and sometimes called Orme
(called Wultheus filius
Wulfrici in an interpolation in
ibid p156, b, which interpolation is probably correct. Ormus filius Wulfrie
Willam had a son and a daughter:
1.1 Ledulf de Crocstun, witness to a deed
of William Fitz-Nigell, temp Henry I (15)
Margery filia Walthei
wife of Gilbert
Venables, Baron of Kinderton.
Ledulph is shown with two sons and a daughter:
Lidulph de Tremlow (and de Croxton), Lord
of Tremlow, Croxton, Cranage,
half of Winnington,
Goosetrey. Sheriff of Cheshire temp Richard I and John and living temp
III. Confounded in the Cheshire pedigrees with the preceding Ledolf of
whom he was a
son or grandson.
Randle, ancestor of Cranach of Cranach
1.1.1 Lidulph is shown to
Richard, son an heir.
Robert, lord of a moiety of Winnington,
(1)Margery, daughter of Robert de Wynynton,
from whom Winnington of Winnington;
(2)Mathilda, daughter of Richard de
whom Leftwich of Leftwich).
Michael, lord of a moiety of Goosetrey (from whom Goosetrey of
There is a separate reference, not part of the family tree, to Gilbert,
issue Warin de Clyve (16).
There is a later reference:
Cicely, daughter of William de Goostree
Roger de Swetenham. Said to have will
dated 1366, and to be living in 1382.
Relationship of Arms
From the information gathered by Ormorod and the contemporary records
and Burke we can begin to see the relationships between those who use
It is my view that the Arms were first used by
early Goostreys, possibly even Michael De Gostre,
and were seen as being important, feudal and territorial. This
explain why upon the marriage of Alice De Gostre,
daughter and co-heir of William, Thomas de Eaton (according to Burke)
have abandoned earlier Arms in favour of those of Goostrey. Strictly
if Alice was an heraldic
heiress, the Arms
should have been quartered with those of Eaton but if they were seen as
of territorial importance they may have been used in preference.
know that the descendants of Robert Kinsey the husband of Agnes, the
co-heir of William, used the same Arms. A second indication of the
the Goostrey inheritance is that of the territorial designation “of
which the families of both Eaton and Kinsey began to use after their
to Goostrey heiresses. History appears to be silent as to the fecundity
Roger de Gostre (Living 1313) and his
nephew John who
had lands in Blackden of the gift of his father. The family tree seems
indicate that the females were heirs and co-heirs so it is assumed that
and John died without offspring. There is a further strong indication
Arms originate from the family of Goostrey, pre-dating their adoption
inheritance by the Kinseys who today are
seen to hold
them with the authority of the College of Arms, that of the similarity with the “Ancient”
Arms of Twemelow, the only difference
colour of the chevron. Michael de Gostre
remember is the third son of Lidulph de Twemlow.
One explanation as to why
as those of Goostrey when they were in fact borne by Kinsey (as
recorded but a
few years later by the Heralds) could be that they were well recognised locally as being the important
“territorial” and feudal Arms of Goostrey, so much so that no
matter who bore them, they were known as Goostrey. The Heralds of
more thorough in their examination of who actually used them and
recorded them as the Arms of Kinsey. It is my view that the Kinsey’s of
Blackden held the Arms in right of their Goostrey ancestors.
All of the above is based
upon the Arms
through heraldic heiresses which relies on
assumption that the Goostrey male line died out in the 14th or 15th
How then can we explain the continued appearance of the Arms of
Goosetree co: Bucks as recorded by Burke ?
There is reference to a
of Westminster gent. in Buckinghamshire at around 1749/50 (17). Was
this the gentleman using the Arms of Goostrey as recorded by Burke
have been unable to find out, but there can be little doubt that
Goostrey must have continued to use the Arms in Buckinghamshire if we
believe that the General Armoury was a
record (especially as by then the Arms had gained a crest). If however
maintain our belief that the original male line died out and the Arms
through female co-heirs, then whoever was using the Arms in more recent
was perhaps someone who had a fondness of history and “adopted” and
continued to use those Arms which were historically associated with the
surname. I have found no proof that a male line of the descendants of
De Gostre, third son of Liddulph
de Twemlow, continued and the fact that all the lands originally
with the name devolved through female co-heirs strongly indicates that
Goostrey of Goostrey line died out long ago.
We know that extensive searches in the records and collections of the College of Arms have revealed no reference to the surname of
its variants. It would seem that from the Tudor period to the present
family with the surname, Goostrey, Gostre
or De Gostre has been recorded as being
entitled to bear Arms. I
have attempted to show that such an armigerous family did in fact
before the records of the College of Arms, and that their estates and Arms were of such
that they passed from Goostrey to Kinsey. A descent of Arms which,
the face of it would be a breach of the law of Arms as we know it
fact pre-dates such conventions. There seems little doubt that these
long been associated with the name of Goostrey.
Notes and References
1. Daniel King the author of The Vale Royal of
England was born
in Chester and in 1630 was
apprenticed as heraldic painter to Randle Holmes sometime
a King of Arms.
Thanks to the generosity of his patron Peter Venables, King was
include the armorial
bearings of some 520 Cheshire Gentlemen in his Vale Royal of
General Armory (1884)
the following to Goosetrey or Goosetree of co:
Bucks: Argent a Chevron between three Squirrels sejant Gules. The
being On a
Wreath of the Colours A Stags head erased Or.
Book of Crests (1906)
that the crest of Goostrey of Buckinghamshire is On
a Wreath of the Colours A Stags head erased Or.
Hunt, Windsor Herald searched the
on my behalf: The Heralds’ Visitations,
Other recorded pedigrees, Founder’s Kin, Benefactors’
Pedigrees, Bath Books, Funeral
Certificates, Grants of Arms, Royal Licences,
Irish Records, College Collections, Scottish
Records and Printed Works.
5. The Arms
of Kinsey are recorded in
Burke’s as: Kinsey (Blackden Hall co: Chester; allowed
at Visit co. Chester) Argent a Chevron between three Squirrels
ascribes the Arms of Eaton
co: Chester)as being: Quarterly, Argent and
Gules a cross patonce counterchanged in the first quarter a
mullet of the
second. Later Arms
(after their marriage with the GOOSETREYS) - Argent a
Squirrels sejant Gules.
records the Arms of Twemlow
Twemlow co: Chester : Ancient Arms -
Argent a Chevron Or between three Squirrels sejant Gules, Modern
Az. two bars
eng. or, charged with three boars heads, two and one, erect
Crest - on the stump of
a tree erect a parrot all ppr.
“The History of the
County Palatine and City of Cheshire, evidence in public
offices, the Harleian and Cottonian MSS, Parochial Register, and
9. Harl MSS
1965.35 and 35(b)
that some of these names
the IGI: Thomas Goostrey and Alinora (formerly
Manwaring) had a son Thomas born about 1307; William born about
1313 (all recorded at Sandbach)]
[A footnote says that the male
of the Croxtons was undoubtedly one of the “five
brethren” who came in at the Conquest. These can be assumed to be
brothers of the first
Baron of Halton. There is then a reference to Ledolf de Crocstun,
to the end of the
reign of King John, who witnesses the assignment of the 2nd Baron
concludes that there must have been two or three Lidulfs
the period previously
thought to have been one.]
is a reference to “see Val 1
says: About the time of King
Henry III, Warin de Clive said to be a
younger son of Lidulph de Tremlow, assumed his local appellation
him the noble and distinguished family of Clive traces its
History Resources (Astwell
Falcutt Records 1601 - 1800 )
821 22 Jan. 1749/50
Attested copy of lease for a year from Laurence Earl Ferrers to
Westminster, gent., in consideration of 5s, of the manors of
Falcutt with all
messuages, lands, etc., in Astwell, Falcutt, Wappenham and
822 23 Jan. 1749/50
Attested copy of a deed to lead the uses of a recovery whereby
Earl Ferrers grants to
Thomas Goostrey of Westminster, gent., the manors of Astwell and
with all lands,
messuages, etc., to the intent that they may be recovered to
Balshaw of Westminster
to the use of the said Earl.
823 12 Feb. 1749/50
Attested copy of an exemplification of a common recovery by which
manors of Astwell
and Falcutt with 30 messuages, 10 tofts, 2 mills, 60 gardens, 850
of land, 200 acres of
meadow, 850 acres of pasture, 200 acres of wood and 100 acres of
and common of
pasture in Astwell, Falcutt, Wappenham and Syresham were conveyed
Goostrey to Richard Balshaw.
are due to Mr. W.G. Hunt,
Herald, for his extensive searches of the College of Arms archives on my behalf and Joan Bell for
allowing me to use
her extracts from Ormorod’s works.
When quoting the contents of documents, contemporary spellings have